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Hypertension
(Single Best Answer) Question 1: All of the following are seen in Conn's syndrome except ?
A) Anasarca
B) Diastolic hypertension
C) Hypokalemia
D) Decreased Renin secretion
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 2: Which of the following is the most common location of hypertensive bleed in the brain ?
A) Putamen / External capsule
B) Pons
C) Ventricles
D) Lobar white matter
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 3: The most common presentation of a child with Wilm's tumor is ?
A) An asymptomatic abdominal mass
B) Haematuria
C) Hypertension
D) Hemoptysis due to pulmonary secondary
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 4: The following statement is not true about the use of clonidine in the treatment of hypertension ?
A) Reduction in central sympathetic outflow
B) Increase in LDL-cholesterol on prolonged use
C) Sedation and xerostomia are common side effects
D) It can also be controlled with vasodilators
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 5: A 45 year old hypertensive male presented with sudden onset severe headache, vomiting and neck stiffness. On examination he didn't have any focal neurologic deficit. His CT Scan showed blood in the sylvian fissure. The probable diagnosis is ?
A) Meningitis
B) Ruptured aneurysm
C) Hypertensive bleed
D) Stroke
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 6: A 40 year old male patient, is suffering from type II diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Which of the following antihypertensive drugs should not be used in such patients ?
A) Lisinopril
B) Hydrochlorthiazide
C) Losartan
D) Trandolopril
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 7: All of the following conditions are contraindicated or likely to worsen in a case of primary open angle glaucoma, when treated with Timolol maleate 0.5% eye drops, except ?
A) Hypertension
B) Hypercholesterolemia
C) Depression
D) Bronchial asthma
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 8: A 45 years old hypertensive male patient presented in the casualty with two hours history of sudden onset of severe headache associated wit nausea and vomiting. On clinical examination the patient had neck stiffness and right sided ptosis. Rest of the neurological examination was normal. What is the clinical diagnosis ?
A) Hypertensive brain haemorrhage
B) Migraine
C) Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage
D) Arteriovenous malformation haemorrhage
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 9: A 50 year old male patient, an alcoholic and smoker presents with a 3 hour history of severe retrosternal chest pain and increasing shortness of breath. He started having this pain while eating, which was constant and radiated to the back and interscapular region. He was a known hypertensive. On, examination, he was cold and clammy with a heart rate of 130/min, and a BP of 80/40 mmHg, JVP was normal. All peripheral pulses were present and equal. Breath sounds were decreased at the left lung base and chest x-ray showed left pleural effusion. What is the most likely diagnosis ?
A) Acute aortic dissection
B) Acute myocardial infarction
C) Rupture of the oesophagus
D) Acute pulmonary embolism
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 10: A hypertensive individual had a sudden headache and became unconscious within a few minutes. On regaining consciousness, there was complete flaccid hemiplegia with no involvement of upper face, absence of tendon reflexes and a positive Babinski sign. Which one of the following arteries could have ruptured ?
A) Lateral striate branch of middle cerebral
B) Medial striate branch of anterior cerebral
C) Posterolateral branch from posterior cerebral
D) Posterior choroidal branch of posterior cerebral
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
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