A) Congenital syphilis B) Chalcosis C) Diabetes D) Stragardt's disease Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 12: On performing refraction using a plane mirror on a patient who has a refr error of -3 diopter sphere with -2 diopter cylinder at 90 Degree from a distance of 1 meter under no cyclopegia, the reflex would be seen to move ?
A) With the movement in the horizontal axis and against the movement in the vertical axis B) With the movement in both the axes C) Against the movement in both the axes D) With the movement in the vertical axis and against the movement in horizontal axis Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 13: A 30 year old man has 6/5 vision each eye, unaided. His cycloplegic retinoscopy is +1.0 D sph. at 1 metre distance. His complaints are blurring of newsprint at 30 cm, that clears up in about two minutes. The most probable diagnosis is ?
A) Hypermetropia B) Presbyopia C) Accomodative inertia D) Cycloplegia Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 14: A 25 year old male gives a history of redness, pain and mild diminution of vision in one eye for past 3 days. There is also a history of low backache for the past one year. On examination there is cricumcorneal congestion, cornea is clear apart from a few fine keratic precipitates on the corneal endothelium, there are 2+ cells in the anterior chamber and the intraocular pressure is within normal limits. The patient is most likely suffering from ?
A) Acute attack of angle closure glaucoma B) HLA B-27 related anterior uveitis C) JRA associated uveitis D) Herpetic keratitis Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
A) Immediate surgical correction followed by ambylopia therapy B) Proper refr correction, ambylopia therapy followed by surgical correction C) Prescribe spectacles and defer surgery until the child is 5 years old D) Botulinum toxin injection followed by occlusion therapy Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 16: A young man aged 30 years, presents with difficulty in vision in the left eye for the last 10 days. He is immunocompetent, a farmer by occupation, comes from a rural community and gives history of trauma to his left eye with vegetative matter 10 - 15 days back. On examination, there is an ulcerative lesion in the cornea, whose base has raised soft creamy infiltrate. Ulcer margin is feathery and hyphate. There are a few satellite lesions also. The most probable aetiological agent is ?
A) Acanthamoeba B) Corynebacterium diphtheriae C) Fusarium D) Streptococcus pneumoniae Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 17: A soft contact lens user presents to you with pain, watering, photophobia and a white spot in the center of the cornea. What will be your initial management ?
A) Start frequent antibiotic eye drops after discontinuing the contact lens B) Pad and bandage the eye for 12 hours C) Frequent instillation of artificial tear D) Topical non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAID) Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
A) For the isolation of the causative agent, corneal scraping should be cultured on a nutrient agar plate B) The causative agent, Acanthamoeba is a helminth whose normal habitat is soil C) Keratitis due to Acanthamoeba is not seen in the immunocompromised host D) Acanthamoeba does not depend upon a human host for the completion of its life-cycle Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 20: Contact lens wear is proven to have deleterious effects on the corneal physiology. Which of the following statements is incorrect in connection with contact lens wear ?
A) The level of glucose availability in the corneal epithelium is reduced B) There is a reduction in hemidesmosome density C) There is increased production of CO2 in the epithelium D) There is a reduction in glucose utilization by corneal epithelium Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):