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Mcqs MBBS Exams India
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Home >> Exams >> UPSC-CMS >> UPSC CMS 2011 >> UPSC CMS 2011 Paper 1 >> Mcqs Page 5
(Single Best Answer) Question 41: A 2-day-old newborn baby is brought with a history of blood in the vomitus. The baby was born full-term by a normal vaginal delivery and cried immediately at birth. He was accepting the breastfeeds well. On examination, the baby is and alert. His abdomen is soft and there is no other evidence of bleeding. His bowel sounds are normal. The platelet count is 1,75,000 per mm3. What is the most probable diagnosis ?
A) Haemolytic disease of the newborn
B) Disseminated intravascular coagulation
C) Von Willebrand disease
D) Hemorrhagic disease of the newborn
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 42: Which one of the following is the most abundant constituent of the human surfactant ?
A) Phosphatidyl ethanolamine
B) Phosphatidyl inositol
C) Phosphatidyl glycerol
D) Phosphatidyl choline
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 43: A 2-year-old child with severe dehydration has sudden onset gross haematuria with a unilateral flank mass. The most likely diagnosis is ?
A) Haemolytic uraemic syndrome
B) Wilms tumour
C) Renal vein thrombosis
D) Hydronephrosis
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 44: The features of haemolytic uraemic syndrome in children include:

1. Helmet cells in peripheral blood smear

2. Thrombocytopenia

3. Positive Coombs test

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A) 1, 2 and 3
B) 1 and 2 only
C) 2 and 3 only
D) 1 and 3 only
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 45: A 10-year-old male child presents with purpuric rashes on the lower extremities, haematuria, abdominal pain and arthritis but has no history of fever. What is the most likely diagnosis ?
A) Meningococcal meningitis
B) Henoch-Schonlein purpura
C) Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
D) Haemolytic uraemic syndrome
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 46: Which of the following drugs are used in a patient with Tetralogy of Fallot ?
A) Digoxin, Furosemide and Oxygen
B) Morphine, Soda-bicarb and Propranolol
C) Atenolol with D.C. converter
D) Captopril with Aminophylline
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 47: A 7-month-old infant presents with stridor since the tenth day of life. What is the most likely cause ?
A) Laryngotracheobronchitis
B) Tracheo-esophageal fistula
C) Laryngomalacia
D) Eventration of the diaphragm
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 48: A 9-month-old infant is brought with a history of low grade fever, cough and breathlessness for the last two days. He does not appear toxic or cyanosed. His respiratory rate is 64/min and the chest has few crepitations, but he has a bilateral wheeze. The chest X-ray shows hyperinflation of the lungs. The most likely diagnosis is ?
A) Acute laryngotracheobronchitis
B) Bronchiolitis
C) Endobronchial tuberculosis
D) Bronchial asthma
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 49: The most common congenital cardiac abnormality associated with the maternal rubella infection during pregnancy is ?
A) Atrial septal defect
B) Patent ductus arteriosus
C) Ventricular septal defect
D) Coarctation of aorta
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):
(Single Best Answer) Question 50: A 3-kg male infant is cyanotic at birth. On cardiac auscultation, the first heart sound is normal, and the second heart sound is single. A grade III/VI harsh ejection systolic murmur is present along the lower left sternal border. The ECG shows left axis deviation, right atrial enlargement and left ventricular hypertrophy. What is the likely diagnosis ?
A) Tricuspid atresia
B) Pulmonary atresia
C) Total anomalous pulmonary venous return
D) Transposition of Great Arteries with ventricular septal defect
Answer (Select an option above to get the answer):